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Two closely related series of paddle-wheel-based triazolyl isophthalate MOFs are presented. Thermal and CO2 adsorption studies reveal network flexibility induced by alkyl substituents of the linker. By choice of the substituent, the pore volumes and pore diameters can be adjusted. Fine-tuning of the gate opening pressure and the hysteresis shape is possible by modulating the substitution pattern and by choice of the metal ion.
Syntheses and comprehensive characterization of two closely related series of isomorphous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) based on triazolyl isophthalate linkers with the general formula ∞3[M2(R1–R2–trz–ia)2] (M = Cu, Zn) are presented. Using solvothermal synthesis and synthesis of microcrystalline materials on the gram scale by refluxing a solution of the starting materials, 11 MOFs are readily available for a systematic investigation of structure–property relationships. The networks of the two series are assigned to rutile (rtl) (1–4) and α-PbO2 (apo) (5–9) topology, respectively. Due to the orientation of the triazole substituents toward the cavities, both the pore volume and the pore diameter can be adjusted by choice of the alkyl substituents. Compounds 1–9 exhibit pronounced microporosity with calculated porosities of 31–53% and show thermal stability up to 390 °C as confirmed by simultaneous thermal analysis. Systematic investigation of adsorption properties by CO2 (298 K) and N2 (77 K) adsorption studies reveal remarkable network flexibility induced by alkyl substituents on the linker. Fine-tuning of the gate opening pressure and of the hysteresis shape is possible by adjusting the substitution pattern and by choice of the metal ion.
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