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NiX2(pyz)2 have been synthesized and characterized using several magnetic probes. Except for X = Cl, long-range AFM order was found below TN = 1.9 (X = Br and NCS) and 2.5 K (X = I). In addition, Jpyz ∼ 1 K regardless of X, and D = 8 K for NiCl2(pyz)2, whereas D ∼ 0 for X = Br, I, and NCS based on ESR and heat capacity.
The crystal structures of NiX2(pyz)2 (X = Cl (1), Br (2), I (3), and NCS (4)) were determined by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. All four compounds consist of two-dimensional (2D) square arrays self-assembled from octahedral NiN4X2 units that are bridged by pyz ligands. The 2D layered motifs displayed by 1–4 are relevant to bifluoride-bridged [Ni(HF2)(pyz)2]EF6 (E = P, Sb), which also possess the same 2D layers. In contrast, terminal X ligands occupy axial positions in 1–4 and cause a staggered packing of adjacent layers. Long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order occurs below 1.5 (Cl), 1.9 (Br and NCS), and 2.5 K (I) as determined by heat capacity and muon-spin relaxation. The single-ion anisotropy and g factor of 2, 3, and 4 were measured by electron-spin resonance with no evidence for zero–field splitting (ZFS) being observed. The magnetism of 1–4 spans the spectrum from quasi-two-dimensional (2D) to three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnetism. Nearly identical results and thermodynamic features were obtained for 2 and 4 as shown by pulsed-field magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, as well as their Néel temperatures. Magnetization curves for 2 and 4 calculated by quantum Monte Carlo simulation also show excellent agreement with the pulsed-field data. Compound 3 is characterized as a 3D AFM with the interlayer interaction (J⊥) being slightly stronger than the intralayer interaction along Ni–pyz–Ni segments (Jpyz) within the two-dimensional [Ni(pyz)2]2+ square planes. Regardless of X, Jpyz is similar for the four compounds and is roughly 1 K.
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